The importance of having a first aid kit at home is often understated and rarely considered when families plan for health and safety in the home. Those that have first aid kits in their homes often do not check or re-stock it on regular basis.
First aid kits are a must have for every home, especially those with young children. They can be used for minor ailments and for more serious injuries. An example of a serious injury when a first aid kit can be of use is an injury where the person is bleeding profusely. The use of a sterile pad with gauze can stop the bleeding until the injured person can get medical attention. Without this there is a risk to the health of the injured person.
There is not a one size fits all for first aid kits for the home, but they should include some key items.
A basic home first aid kit can contain the following:
- Absorbent sterile cotton
- Plasters, in a variety of different sizes and shapes
- Small, medium and large sterile gauze dressings
- At least two sterile eye dressings
- Safety pins
- Disposable sterile gloves
- Alcohol-free cleansing wipes
- Adhesive tape
- Thermometer, preferably digital
- Antiseptic solution
- Distilled watter, for cleaning wounds and as an eye bath
It may also be useful to keep a basic first aid manual in the home.
First aid kits should be checked regularly to replace any used items and to replace any expired ones.